Diagnosis and treatment for Type 1 Diabetes

If we talk about what is type 1 diabetes? Let’s go ahead- Type 1 diabetes occurs when your immune system damages insulin-producing cells in your pancreas. These are known as beta cells. Formerly known as juvenile diabetes, the illness is usually diagnosed in children and teens.

Secondary diabetes is similar to type 1, except that your beta cells are destroyed by something other than your immune system, such as a disease or an injury to your pancreas.

Both of these are distinct from type 2 diabetes, which occurs when your body does not respond to insulin as it should.

What are the diagnostic tests for type 1 diabetes?

  • A1C (glycated hemoglobin) test.

The mean blood sugar level for the previous two to three months is determined by this blood test. It quantifies the quantity of blood sugar bound to the hemoglobin in red blood cells. The greater your level of blood sugar, the more sugar-attached hemoglobin you’ll have. Diabetes is diagnosed when your A1C result is 6.5% or above on two different tests.

If the A1C test isn’t available, or if you have specific factors that can cause the A1C test to be erroneous, such as pregnancy or a rare form of hemoglobin (hemoglobin variation), your provider may perform one of the following tests:

  • A random blood sugar test.

A blood sample will be drawn at random and validated by other testing. The concentration of sugar in the blood is measured in milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) or millimoles per liter (mmol/L). Diabetes is diagnosed at any random level of blood sugar of 200 milligrams per deciliter or above, no matter when you last had food.

  • A fasting blood sugar test.

After you do not eat (fast) overnight, a sample of your blood will be taken. A fasting blood sugar level of less than 100 mg/dL (5.6 mmol/L) is considered normal. Prediabetes is defined as fasting blood sugar levels ranging from 100 to 125 milligrams per deciliter (5.6 to 6.9 mmol/L). Diabetes is diagnosed when your blood sugar level is 126 milligrams per deciliter (mmol/L) or greater on two different tests.

What does the treatment look like?

Type 1 diabetes treatment consists of the following steps:

  • Using insulin
  • Keeping track of carbohydrates, lipids, and protein
  • Blood sugar levels should be checked often.
  • Consuming nutritious meals
  • Regular exercise and maintaining a healthy weight

Natural ways to maintain the sugar level

Anything known as a diabetes diet does not exist. However, it’s critical to focus your diet on healthy, low-fat, high-fiber meals like, Fruits and vegetables and Complete grains.

Your registered dietitian will advise you to limit your consumption of animal products and processed carbohydrates such as white bread and sweets. Even people who do not have diabetes should follow this healthy eating regimen.

You’ll have to learn how to calculate the carbohydrate content of the meals you eat. You can give oneself enough insulin this way. This allows your body to appropriately utilize carbohydrates. Creating a meal plan that suits your individual needs might be made easier with the help of a qualified dietitian.


Everyone, even those with type 1 diabetes, should engage in regular aerobic activity. Before you exercise, ask your provider’s approval. Next, pick enjoyable things to engage in, like swimming or walking, and make time to do them each day.

Aim for 150 minutes or more of moderate-to-intense aerobic exercise per week, with a maximum of two days off from the gym.

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